Ayurveda is our ancient living heritage. The word Ayurveda literally means “Knowledge of Life”. Ayurveda aims at achieving happiness of the body and mind and should form part of daily life. Ayurveda promotes a balanced state of psychosomatic makeup of man which can help to achieve eternal happiness.
Ayurveda believes that man is the epitome of the universe and is basically composed of the same elements. “Brahma” is the universal soul possessing eternity, knowledge and bliss. “Maya” denotes the energy of brahma which gave rise to “Panchmahabhoothas” or the 5 basic elements namely : Akash (Space), Vayu (Propulsive force), Teja (Energy), Jala (Fluidity) and Prithvi (matter). Around the axis of Panchmahabhoothas revolve the three pillars of life. According to Ayurveda Birth is only an event in the indivisuals life. After fertilization, Akash provides the space to the fertilised ovum to grow. Vayu brings about the cell division, Teja provides various aspects of energy metabolism, Jala maintains fluid balance and Prithvi induces growth and intergrity of the growing cellular mass. Death on the other hand helps decomposition of the body and merging of the five basic elements with the nature.
The three basic biological pillars of Ayurveda are Vata, Pitta & Kapha. These biological elements originated from the panchmahabhoothas and are commonly called “Triguna” in health and “Tridosha” in diseased states of the body. Arbitrarily they are refered to as “Tridosha”.
Vata element is produced by combination of Akash and Vayu and in the human body it represents “Control”, its propulsive effect affects all parts of the body and is brought about through the agency of neuro-musculo-hormonal mechanisms, smooth co-ordinated movements, functioning of vata. An abnormal vata can lead to neuro-muscular disorders and hormonal problems.
Pitta element is produced from Teja and Jala and constitutes the transfer and flow of energy within the body. Pitta element controlled by vata brings about the breakdown of food during digestion and food elements within the body to provide the bioenergy. Various catabolic enzymes and hormone systems form parts of this element. Abnormal pitta can lead to thermal disorders, breakdown and catabolic disorders.
Kapha element is produced from Prithvi and Jala mahabhoothas and constitutes the formation of solid and fluid constituents of various body elements : Cells, tissues, muscles etc. controlled by vata it induces growth, development and healing of wounds. Kapha element also maintains fluid balance of the body within its various organs and organ spaces. Abnormal kapha may lead to accumulative disorders leading to clot formation, stone, tumour, formation etc. Increased Kapha encourages and sustains infective processes.